INDUSTRIALIZATION AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT (A STUDY OF IDEATO NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT IMO STATE)
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Most developing nations define industrialization as central objectives of their economic policy they see, industrialization goes with agricultural process as an integral part of growth and structural changes. Some economist and analyst are of the view that industrialization plays a major in the economic growth and development of any nation.
In this work, effort is made to assess the impact of industrialization in economic growth of Nigeria. Since 56 years of nation’s independence, there were numerous economic activities undertaken by Nigerians. Nigerian were among the most active and insurious group of people in African. The economic activities were based mostly on primary production especially on agriculture, fishing and rearing of livestock.
The rural sector of Nigeria is, very vital in the socio-economic development equation of the nation. It is, as observed by Nyagba (2009) that the most important sector of the Nigerian population is the rural areas. For instance, the rural sector is the major source of capital formation for the country and a principal market for domestic manufactures (Olatunbosun, 1975). As a matter of fact, the rural areas engage in primary economic activities that form the foundation for the country’s economic development. Given the contributions of the rural sector to the national economy, enhancing the development of the sector should be central to government.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The problem associated with the subject matter is as stated in the following:
It is very difficult to raise sufficient fund in the rural area when income is low. The propensity to consume it will be high the state and central government spend so much on urban development and industries in the rural area because it citizen needs all those things for a better line hood.
There ate few of businessmen, they are forced to empty men from the urban centers because hey well trained and better equipped as result skilled workers are not found in the rural areas.
many people are drive in poverty and penury, therefore industries produce goods that can be bought nearly by everybody example, shoes, plastics, utensil, cloths etc through population is high but people lack the necessary purchasing power.
Some law materials are not produce in the rural area, this fact militates against the setting up of some industries.
2.2 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK:
countries should be done. The arm is to lay guidelines for future administrative reforms that will be meaningful for national development.
The theory of scientific management as was propounded by Frederick Winslow Taylor in the 1880s was adopted because of his strong believe that Taylor ejected the notion, which was universal in his day and still held today, that the trades, including manufacturing, were resistant to analysis and could only be performed by craft production methods. In the course of his empirical studies, Taylor examined various kinds of manual labour. For example, most bulk materials handling was manual at the time; material handling equipment as we know it today was mostly not developed yet. He looked at shoveling in the unloading of railroad cars full of ore; lifting and carrying in the moving of iron pigs at steel mills; the manual inspection of bearing balls; and others. He discovered many concepts that were not widely accepted at the time. For example, by observing workers, he decided that labour should include rest break so that the worker has time to recover from fatigue, either physical (as in shoveling or lifting) or mental (as in the ball inspection case). Workers were allowed to take more rests during work, are productivity increased as a result
The scientific management theory which was propounded by Fredrick Taylor (1911) it concern was to improve organizational efficiently and economy for the sake of increased production. The most outstanding characteristic of scientific management was its view of man. Man was perceived as being an adjunct of the machine the primary objectives of scientific management was to make men as efficient i.e more like as the machine they operated. The views of this theory through are identified with Fredrick Taylor, he concentrated on intensive analysis of work processes at the level of the shop and individual worker. He also emphasized the need for professional management, the scientific study and design of work procedures and the creation of an ethics promotion the mutuality of interests between workers and the organization.
Thus, he concentrated on research and experiments intended to discover the “one best way” to carry out specific tasks. The management point of a business organization form the scientific management point of view is based upon four main principles (Frilley/House, Kerr 1996) which lead to attainment of economic efficiency which is major goal of a business…..